Since Decade of Action for Road Safety launched by United Nations in May 2011, which aims to stabilize and reduce road deaths and injuiries around the world and save 5 million lives by 2020, many goverments and UN agencies, multilateral institutions and NGOs have taken appropriate efforts to implement UN plan for road safety in 5 pillars(Road safety management, Infrastructure, Safe vehicles, Road user behavior and post-crash care) for focus.
- Road Safety Management
In Sweden, a new conception called “Vision Zero” has been developed to improve road safety. Which is conceived from ethical base that it can never be acceptable that people are killed or seriously injuired when moving within the road transport system.
Due to deficiency in traffic facilities, The developing countries become severely afflicted area of traffic accident. Therefore, China, Spain and some other countries are increasing investment in traffic infrastructure construction. In fact, the clients in these areas perform a large and impending need in traffic system, which is reported by a traffic signal manufacturer(Annual Clients’ Report of Sinowatcher Technology ).
- Safe Vehicles
With perfecting internal safety device of car, Google and Tesla start to develop self-driving car, which will allow the car to steer automatically within highway lane markers, change lanes and parallel park. And that they already havel got great achievements so far. When this technology gets mature it will reduce the traffic accident caused by human error.
- Road User Behavior
As road user, driver and pedestrian both play an important role in road safety. Once ignoring traffic rules this become the main cause in traffic accident. Since the decade launched, most countries revised road safety legislation to restrain illegal public behavior, among them China, Austria, France and New Zealand. Reducing man-made risks is a big challenge for the current.
- Post-crash Care
Together for Safer Roads (TSR) proposed six ways to improve post-crash care:
- Improve the quality of roads. Even relatively small improvements can enable responders to travel to the scene more rapidly and victims of a crash can be transported more quickly.
- Train more first responders. While access to medical centers may be limited in low- and middle-income countries, access to pre-hospital help doesn’t have to be. Community members – even those with no formal medical education – can be trained, at fairly low cost, to act as first responders.
- Coordinate medical care more efficiently. This is important everywhere but it is critical in countries that do have established and accessible health care systems. Research shows that improved coordination in pre-hospital and hospital care can reduce death and disabilities among crash victims.
- Invest in technology. Technology and telecommunications in vehicles can actually help predict whether occupants may be seriously injured in a crash, and it can alert responders accordingly. Businesses can invest in research and development in this area to make an even bigger impact.
- Establish notification systems. Post-crash notification systems can alert responders to a road crash. However, many low- and middle-income countries lack such systems.
- Encourage collaboration. Partnerships between the private sector, government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), can utilize a diverse range of expertise and help to improve medical service responses.